The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are a group of autonomous public engineering institutes in India. The history of the IIT system dates back to 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of the Viceroy's Executive Council set up a committee to advise on the creation of Higher Technical Institutions for post-war industrial development in India. The 22-member committee, headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar, recommended the establishment of these institutions in various parts of India, with affiliated secondary institutions. The first Indian Institute of Technology was founded in May 1950 at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur.
The IITs have garnered an international reputation as the powerhouse of brains and intelligence where only the crème de la crème of India enter. Unparalleled training facilities, excellent faculty and the opportunity to have "the best of India" as classmates make these institutes extremely sought after institutions of higher learning for the students aspiring for degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
The IITs are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which has declared them as "institutions of national importance", and lays down their powers, duties, framework for governance etc. Read more.
The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are a group of 13 public, autonomous institutes of management education and research in India that were established with the objective of providing quality management education in India. The establishment of IIMs was initiated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, based on the recommendation of the Planning Commission. The institute at Calcutta was established first, on 13 November 1961, and was named Indian Institute of Management Calcutta or IIM Calcutta. It was set up in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management, the government of West Bengal, the Ford Foundation and the Indian industry. The institute at Ahmedabad was established in the following month and was named Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad. Like MIT Sloan in the case of IIM Calcutta, Harvard Business School played an important role in the initial stages of IIM Ahmedabad.
Recognized as premier management institutions, comparable to the best in the world for teaching, research and interaction with industries, the IIMs have earned an international reputation for the quality of their alumni.
The IIMs primarily offer postgraduate, doctoral and executive education programmes - Post-graduate Diploma Programmes in Management (equivalent of MBA), Fellowship Programmes in Management (equivalent to PhD) and Short-term Management Development and Executive Education programmes. Besides industry research, the IIMs also conduct research to cater to the needs of non-corporate and under-managed sectors such as agriculture, rural development, public systems management, energy, health education etc. Read more.